Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! Understanding White-Collar Crime develops the concept of convenience as the main explanation for crime occurrence.
CEOs and White-Collar Crime - A Convenience Perspective | Petter Gottschalk | Palgrave Macmillan
Examining all three dimensions of crime-economic, organizational, and behavioral-the book argues that when white-collar crime becomes less convenient, crime rates will go down. By applying convenience theory to an empirical sample of convicted white-collar criminals, the text teaches criminal justice students and ethics and compliance practitioners to identify and understand how opportunity affects real-world criminal situations.
Internal investigations of white-collar crime are discussed, and corporate social responsibility against white-collar crime is emphasized. Help Centre. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Be the first to write a review. Add to Wishlist. Ships in 7 to 10 business days. Link Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed.
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Description Table of Contents Product Details Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! Understanding White-Collar Crime: A Convenience Perspective examines not only the theories behind white-collar crime, but also explores methods used in criminal justice investigations into corporate fraud, and emphasizes the importance of corporate social responsibility in reducing crimes of this nature. Criminal justice students and practitioners should not miss this close look into the world of white-collar crime. Convenience Theory of White-Collar Crime.
Economical Dimensions in Convenience Theory. It is still used in the United States but the distinction between felony and misdemeanour is abolished in England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The following classes of offence are based on mode of trial :. In common law countries, crimes may be categorised into common law offences and statutory offences. In the US, Australia and Canada in particular , they are divided into federal crimes and under state crimes. These are further categorized as violent or property crimes.
All other crimes count come under Part II. For convenience, such lists usually include infractions although, in the U. Compare tortfeasance. Booking arrests require detention for a time-frame ranging 1 to 24 hours. There are several national and International organizations offering studies and statistics about global and local crime activity, such as United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime , the United States of America Overseas Security Advisory Council OSAC safety report or national reports generated by the law-enforcement authorities of EU state member reported to the Europol.
In England and Wales, as well as in Hong Kong, the term "offence" means the same thing as, and is interchangeable with, the term " crime ",  They are further split into:. Many different causes and correlates of crime have been proposed with varying degree of empirical support. They include socioeconomic, psychological, biological, and behavioral factors. Controversial topics include media violence research and effects of gun politics.
Emotional state both chronic and current have a tremendous impact on individual thought processes and, as a result, can be linked to criminal activities. The positive psychology concept of Broaden and Build posits that cognitive functioning expands when an individual is in a good-feeling emotional state and contracts as emotional state declines.
The narrowed thought-action repertoires can result in the only paths perceptible to an individual being ones they would never use if they saw an alternative, but if they can't conceive of the alternatives that carry less risk they will choose one that they can see.
Theory of Crime Convenience
Criminals who commit even the most horrendous of crimes, such as mass murders, did not see another solution. Crimes defined by treaty as crimes against international law include:. From the point of view of state-centric law, extraordinary procedures usually international courts may prosecute such crimes. Different religious traditions may promote distinct norms of behaviour, and these in turn may clash or harmonise with the perceived interests of a state.
Socially accepted or imposed religious morality has influenced secular jurisdictions on issues that may otherwise concern only an individual's conscience. Activities sometimes criminalized on religious grounds include for example alcohol consumption prohibition , abortion and stem-cell research. In various historical and present-day societies, institutionalized religions have established systems of earthly justice that punish crimes against the divine will and against specific devotional, organizational and other rules under specific codes, such as Roman Catholic canon law.
In the military sphere, authorities can prosecute both regular crimes and specific acts such as mutiny or desertion under martial-law codes that either supplant or extend civil codes in times of for example war. Many constitutions contain provisions to curtail freedoms and criminalize otherwise tolerated behaviors under a state of emergency in the event of war, natural disaster or civil unrest. Undesired activities at such times may include assembly in the streets, violation of curfew , or possession of firearms.
Two common types of employee crime exist: embezzlement and wage theft. The complexity and anonymity of computer systems may help criminal employees camouflage their operations. The victims of the most costly scams include banks, brokerage houses, insurance companies, and other large financial institutions. In a survey it was found that as many as one-third of low wage male foreign workers in Singapore, or about ,, were affected by wage theft from partial to full denial of pay.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Crime disambiguation. For other uses, see Criminal disambiguation. For the film, see Offender film. Types of crime. Chicago school Classical school Conflict criminology Critical criminology Environmental criminology Feminist school Integrative criminology Italian school Left realism Marxist criminology Neo-classical school Positivist school Postmodernist school Right realism.
Index Journals Organizations People. Main article: Criminalization. Main article: Causes and correlates of crime.
Main article: International criminal law. Main article: Religious law. See also: Category:Crimes in religion. Main article: Occupational crime.
Crime portal. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Martin Oxford Dictionary of Law 7 ed.
Understanding White-Collar Crime
BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 10 June Frazier , Cal. In this case, the California Court of Appeal explained: "Despite the physical ability to commit vicious and violent acts, dogs do not possess the legal ability to commit crimes.
Archived from the original on Retrieved Yogis, Q. On law, morality, and politics. Regan, Richard J. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Commentaries on the laws of England. William Blackstone Collection Library of Congress. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Herbert Lionel Adolphus , The concept of law 2nd ed ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. The moral standards August Revus - OpenEdition Journals. Driver, G. Godfrey Rolles , —; Miles, John C. John Charles , Sir, — The Law Code of Manu. New York: Oxford UP.
pl.cevotifyle.ga Early Greek law. London: University of California Press. New York: St. Martin's Press. Roman law: linguistic, social and philosophical aspects. Edinburgh,: Edinburgh U. Simeon Leonard , The principle of the personality of law in the Germanic kingdoms of western Europe from the fifth to the eleventh century. New York: P. Positive Emotions broaden the scope of attention and though-action repertoires. Cognition and Emotion, — Human Evil: The myth of pure evil and the true causes of violence. Association, M.
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Shaver Eds. Third Ed. Voice of Russia. Archived from the original on 28 July Retrieved July 2, Desert News National.